Olli Lagerspetz

Marie Sklodowska-Curie fellow


Working on project Philosophy as Cultural Self-Knowledge: R. G. Collingwood, Peter Winch and the Human Sciences (WC-Cult)

My current project focuses on the philosophical significance of the human sciences (sociology, anthropology, history, etc.). I am pursuing the project during 2022 in the congenial and active milieu of the University of Pardubice, and in close cooperation with Docent Jonas Ahlskog, my colleague (and ex-student) at Åbo, in the likewise congenial and active milieu of Åbo Akademi University, Finland.

Key figures for this study are R. G. Collingwood (1889–1942) and Peter Winch (1926–1997). Their most well-known work concerned the form of knowledge characteristic of our understanding of human action – connecting with debates on the epistemological position of the human sciences. Our idea is, however, that these two thinkers have a deeper affinity, which can be seen by looking at their work more widely than just on this one topic. They had an underlying vision on the aims and methods of philosophy – philosophy as cultural self-understanding.


My Other Work in Philosophy

Ludwig Wittgenstein is an important background figure both for this study and for my other work in philosophy. Recently I have been looking more closely at his idea of forms of life (see this article), a topic which I hope to pursue further.

I originally studied sociology and philosophy at Åbo. My most important teacher of philosophy was Lars Hertzberg.

In 1990–91, I pursued postgraduate studies with Peter Winch at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. In the 1990s, at young age, I was given a Lecturership in philosophy at the University of Wales Swansea. I had the privilege to work with philosophers like D. Z. Phillips, Ilham Dilman and Howard Mounce. All this should place me firmly in the „Swansea Wittgensteinian“ camp if one still exists … .

My first real philosophy book was Trust: The Tacit Demand, published 1998.

This exploration of the concept of trust connected it with a discussion of ethics, the philosophy of mind and epistemology – in particular, with Wittgenstein’s On Certainty. In 2015, I published a new book about trust, incorporating new developments both in the scholarship and in my own mind: Trust, Ethics and Human Reason (Bloomsbury Ethics).

On my view, the most important and fascinating task for philosophy is to identify what is not reducible to something else. This originally led me to consider the concept of trust, and it also inspired me to write my book A Philosophy of Dirt.

To put it bluntly, dirt does not exist in physics and chemistry textbooks – but does that mean it is only ‚a projection‘? My idea is that our relation to material reality is much more complex than that.


The History of Ideas

Part of my research concerns the history of ideas, especially the early development of social science in Finland, and the work of Edward Westermarck, a pioneer of social anthropology. On this topic, I have cooperated with Docent Kirsti Suolinna. See: Edward Westermarck: Intellectual Networks, Philosophy and Social Anthropology. See also: Evolution, Human Behaviour and Morality: The Legacy of Westermarck. I am Docent of the History of Ideas at the University of Oulu.


My Current Job

I am working at Pardubice in 2022. After that, I will return to my regular job as Senior Lecturer of Philosophy (and Docent of Philosophy) at Åbo Akademi University. I am Associate Editor of Philosophical Investigations. In 2012 I was elected Fellow of the Finnish (ex-Imperial) Society of Sciences and Letters.


Education and degrees completed

  • 1 October 2017, Title of Docent, History of Ideas, University of Oulu
  • 2014, Qualified for Chair in philosophy (University of Jyväskylä)
  • 2007, Qualified for Chair in theoretical philosophy (University of Jyväskylä)
  • 2001, Qualified for Chair in practical philosophy (University of Stockholm)
  • 24 November 1999, Title of Docent, Philosophy, Åbo Akademi University
  • 29 October 1996, Doctor of Philosophy, Philosophy, Åbo Akademi University, Finland
  • 23 April 1992, Licentiate of Philosophy, Åbo Akademi University, Finland
  • 26 May 1989, Master of Politics, Sociology, Åbo Akademi University, Finland

Previous work experience

  • 1 August 1997- 31 July 1998, 27 January 2003 – 31 July 2005, 1 February 2007 – 31 July 2010 (total 68 months), Professor of Philosophy (Head of Department), Åbo Akademi University
  • 1 September 1992 – 31 August 1998, Lecturer (tenured), Philosophy, The University of Wales at Swansea (on leave in the academic years of 1994/5, 1996/7, 1997/8)
  • 1 August 1992 – 31 July 1997, Teaching assistant, Philosophy, Åbo Akademi University (on leave for work in Swansea total 3 years)
  • 1 April – 31 May 1987, 1 August – 31 August 1987, 1 December – 31 December 1988, 16 October – 31 December 1989,1 January 1990 – 31 July 1990, Research and teaching appointments at Åbo Akademi University: Philosophy, Sociology, Human Rights, Women’s Studies
  • 21 July 1982 to 17 March 1983, Military service

Personal research funding and grants

  • 3 January to 31 December 2021 Marie Sklodowska-Curie Individual Fellowship (Grant Number 101026669 — WC-Cult) for research at the University of Pardubice
  • 7 January 2019 to 14 June 2019, Erik Allardt Fellowship for research sojourn at Swedish Collegium of Advanced Study (SCAS), Uppsala, SEK 128.500,- plus accommodation
  • 24 March – 1 June 2018, Travel grant for research sojourn in Pardubice, The Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters
  • 3 May 2012, Research grant, The Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters, 5000 EUR
  • 1 August 2012 – 31 December 2013, Research, ‘The History of Åbo Akademi University, History of Ideas’, Åbo Akademi University, 36.000 EUR
  • 1 February – 1 April 2011, travel grant for research at The Centre for Subjectivity Research at the University of Copenhagen, Gustaf Packaléns Mindefond, 3.882,46 EUR
  • 2009 – 2011, PI of the Academy of Finland project, ‘Emotions in Dialogue – Perspectives from the Humanities’, funding 2009–2011 for a research group of 4 doctoral students and 1 post-doctoral researcher, total budget 300,000.00 Euros
  • 2009 – 2011, PI of Kone Foundation project, ‘Westermarck and Beyond: Evolutionary Approaches to Ethics and Their Critics’, funding 2009–2011 for a research group of 3 doctoral students and 2 post-doctoral research fellows, total budget 289,675,00 Euros
  • 1 August 2000 – 31 December 2002, Postdoctoral fellow, the Academy of Finland
  • 1998 – 2004, Research grants from Åbo Akademi University Foundation, Oskar Öflund Foundation, Ella and Georg Ehrnrooth Foundation, Otto A. Malms donationsfond, and Svenska litteratursällskapet i Finland
  • 1 August 1991 – 31 August 1992, Employed in research project, The Academy of Finland, ‘The Grammar of Community’ (Hertzberg)
  • 13 August 1990 – 12 May 1991, ASLA-Fulbright Scholarship for Non-Degree Postgraduate Studies in Philosophy at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Memberships and positions of trust in scientific societies

  • Associate Editor of Philosophical Investigations (UK), beginning 2009; of Ajatus (Finland), beginning 2016; of Niin & Näin (Finland), beginning 2016.
  • Founding member of Nordic Wittgenstein Society
  • 17 December 2012, Fellow of The Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters
  • 2011-2019, Member of Research Ethics Committee at Åbo Akademi University
  • Curator of the Humanities Student Society at Åbo (Humanistföreningen), 1 January 2007 – 31 December 2017


PUBLICATIONS (updated 31.10.2022)


All items have Olli Lagerspetz as the single author unless otherwise indicated.

A Peer-reviewed scientific articles (from 2003 onwards)     

(2022) Olli Lagerspetz & Kirsti Suolinna, Westermarck och Malinowski – vänskap och konkurrens under ett vetenskapligt paradigmskifte (Westermarck and Malinowski – Friendship and Competition during an Intellectual Paradigm Shift’). Finsk Tidskrift 5/2022, pp. 7–34.  ISSN 0015-248X (print) ISSN 2670-2541 (online)

(2022) Investigating “Man’s Relation to Reality”: Peter Winch, the Vanishing Shed and Metaphysics after Wittgenstein. Philosophical Investigations. https://doi.org/10.1111/phin.12338

(2021) The Linguistic Idealism Question: Wittgenstein’s Method and his Rejection of Realism. Wittgenstein-Studien, vol. 12, no. 1, 2021, pp. 37-60. https://doi.org/10.1515/witt-2021-0003

(2020) How is Dirt Possible? In Cleaning and Value: Interdisciplinary Investigations, Edited by Isabel Bredenbröker, Christina Hanzen, Felix Kotzur. Sidestone Press, ISBN: 9789088909214

(2020) Political Philosophy and the Primacy of Agency. Michael Campbell & Lynette Reid (eds), Ethics, Society and Politics: Themes from the Philosophy of Peter Winch (Springer Natur AG, Switzerland).

(2020) Wittgenstein’s Forms of Life: A Tool of Perspicuous Representation. Nordic Wittgenstein Review Vol. 9 (2020). https://doi.org/10.15845/nwr.v0i0.3560 .

(2019) Peter Winch och det logiska tänkandet [Peter Winch and logical thinking]. Filosofisk tidskrift 40 nr 2, 97-114

(2018) Olli Lagerspetz & Kirsti Suolinna, Åbo Akademi i Edvard Westermarcks vetenskapliga nätverk [Åbo Akademi University in Edward Westermarck’s Academic Network]. In Laura Hollsten et al. (eds.), Åbo Akademi och kunskapen. Perspektiv på villkoren för skapandet av vetenskap 1918–2018, pp. 35-103. Åbo Akademis förlag 2018. ISBN: 978-951-765-884-3. https://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi-fe2021090745487

(2018) Värigeometria ja samanvärisyyden moniselitteisyys: Wittgenstein, Lichtenberg ja Goethen Värioppi [Colour Geometry and the ambiguity of the sameness of colour. Wittgenstein, Lichtenberg and Goethe’s Theory of Colours]. Niin & Näin, No. 97 (2/2018), 49-55.

(2017) von Wright on Privacy and the Sharing of Experience. Acta philosophica fennica Vol. 93, 111-120. ISBN 978-951-9264-86-8.

(2017) Kirsti Suolinna & Olli Lagerspetz: Knut Pipping och Erik Allardt mellan äldre och modern sociologi [Knut Pipping and Erik Allardt Between Traditional and Modern Sociology]. In Susan Sundback, Thomas Rosenberg & Anne Rosenlew (eds.), Knut Pipping och etableringen av den moderna sociologin vid Åbo Akademi, pp. 35-65. Finska Vetenskaps-Societeten (The Finnish Society for Sciences and Letters), Vol. 203, ser. C: Bidrag till kännedom av Finlands natur och folk. ISBN: 978-951-653-418-6, ISSN  0067-8481

(2016) Gemensamma erfarenheter som filosofisk utmaning [Shared experiences as a philosophical challenge] Sphinx; Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters Yearbook 2015-2016, 61-72. ISBN 978-951-653-414-8. 

(2017) Introduction: Westermarck and Modern Evolutionary Psychology. In O. Lagerspetz with J. Antfolk, Y. Gustafsson & C. Kronqvist (eds.): Evolution, Human Behaviour and Morality: The Legacy of Westermarck. Routledge, London. 237 pages, ISBN 978-1-4724-5174-3.

(2017) Westermarck and the Emergence of Twentieth-Century Social Anthropology: Three Main Challenges. In O. Lagerspetz with J. Antfolk, Y. Gustafsson & C. Kronqvist (eds.): Evolution, Human Behaviour and Morality: The Legacy of Westermarck. Routledge, London. 237 pages, ISBN 978-1-4724-5174-3.

(2017) Olli Lagerspetz and Kirsti Suolinna: The Sensitiveness of the Holy: Westermarck and Durkheim on Society and Religion. In O. Lagerspetz with J. Antfolk, Y. Gustafsson & C. Kronqvist (eds.): Evolution, Human Behaviour and Morality: The Legacy of Westermarck. Routledge, London. 237 pages, ISBN 978-1-4724-5174-3.

(2017) Westermarck, the Comparative Method and the Question of Context. In Routledge, London, pp. 53-64. In O. Lagerspetz with J. Antfolk, Y. Gustafsson & C. Kronqvist (eds.): Evolution, Human Behaviour and Morality: The Legacy of Westermarck. Routledge, London. 237 pages, ISBN 978-1-4724-5174-3.

(2015) Jonas Ahlskog & Olli Lagerspetz, Language Games and Relativism: Cora Diamond’s Reading of Peter Winch. Philosophical Investigations Vol. 38, pp. 293-315.  ISSN: 0190-0536.  https://doi.org/10.1111/phin.12069  

(2014) The Worry about Trust. In R.H.R. Harper (ed.), Trust, Computing, and Society. Cambridge University Press, pp. 120-142. ISBN 978-1-107-03847-9. 

(2012) Miltä ananas maistuu? Kokemuksen kuvaamisesta [The Taste of Pineapple. On Describing Experience]. In Valtteri Viljanen, Helena Siipi, Matti Sintonen (eds.), Ymmärrys [‘Understanding’], Reports from the Department of Philosophy Vol. 25, The University of Turku, 288-296.

(2012) Peter Winch on Political Authority and Political Culture. Philosophical Investigations 35:3-4, 277-302. ISSN 0190-0536.

(2010) The Colours of Things and the Metaphysics of Colour Samples. Rivista di estetica, n.s. 43 (1/2010), p. 161-179, https://doi.org/10.4000/estetica.1802

(2010) Descartes’ Error, with Reference to the Third and Fourth Meditations. Philosophical Investigations 33:4, 304-320. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9205.2010.01422.x

(2010) ‘Dirty’ and ‘Clean’ Between Ontology and Anthropology. In Jesús Padilla Gálvez, ed., Philosophical Anthropology. Wittgenstein’s Perspective. Ontos Verlag, Frankfurt a.M., 153-162. ISBN 978-3-86838-067-5.

(2008) The Resurrection and the Philosophical "We". Sats 10:2, 85-105.

(2008) Studying Perception. Philosophy, Vol. 83, No. 324, 193 – 211. 

(2008) Onko likainen kiellettyä? Lian käsite filosofiassa ja sosiaaliantropologiassa [Is the ’Dirty’ the ’Forbidden’? The Concept of Dirt in Philosophy and Social Anthropology]. Tieteessä tapahtuu  2/2008, 3 – 10.

(2006) Anscombe on the Moral Ought and Moral Corruption. Philosophical Papers 35, No. 3, 435-454. https://doi.org/10.1080/05568640609485190

(2004) K. Suolinna & O. Lagerspetz: Westermarck Seura ja modernin sosiologian etabloituminen Suomessa [The Westermarck Society and the Consolidation of Modern Sociology in Finland]. Sosiologia 4/2004, vol 41, pp 337-347. 

(2004) National Self-Determination and Ethnic Minorities. Michigan Journal of International Law 25, 1299-1317.

(2003) Anscombe om moralisk plikt och moraliskt förfall [Anscombe on Moral Duty and Moral Corruption]. Filosofisk Tidskrift 24: 1, 24-40.


B Non-refereed scientific articles (from 2003 onwards)

(2022) Olli Lagerspetz & Kirsti Suolinna, Sosiologien tie Tampereelle: Sosiologit ja 60-luvun radikalismi [The Sociologists’ Road to Tampere: Sociologists and ’60s Radicalism] Tiede ja Edistys 2022 (3), 210 / 219). https://tiedejaedistys.journal.fi/article/view/113075.

(2022) Esittikö Westermarck darwinilaisen yhteiskunta-analyysin? [Did Westermarck Present a Darwinian Social Analysis?] Tieteessä tapahtuu 40:3 (https://journal.fi/tt/article/view/119887 ) ISSN 0781-7916 eISSN 1239-6540

(2021) Edvard Westermarck och hans miljö [Edward Westermarck and his Milieu. Review of Otto Pipatti & Petteri Pietikäinen (red.): Moral, evolution och samhälle. Edvard Westermarck och hans närmaste krets]. Finsk Tidskrift 5/2021, pp. 68–71.

(2019) Färggeometri och färgomdömen [Colour Geometry and Judgments of Colour]. In Mio Lindman, Salla Peltonen & Hugo Strandberg (eds.), Gensvar. Essäer för Göran Torrkulla på hans 70-årsdag [Responses. Essays for Göran Torrkulla on his 70th Birthday], Filosofi vid Åbo Akademi, Åbo, ISBN 978-952-12-3757-7, pp. 111-127.

(2018) Westermarckin maineenpalauttajat [Rehabilitating Westermarck. Review of Otto Pipatti, Morality Made Visible and Nina Timosaari, Edvard Westermarck – Totuuden etsijä]. Tieteessä Tapahtuu 36(2018):1, 71-74.  

(2018) [Review of] Wittgenstein and Modernism, ed. Michael LeMahieu & Karen Zumhagen-Yekplé). Nordic Wittgenstein Review. Nordic Wittgenstein Review 7(2018): 2, 215-219, DOI 10.15845/nwr.v7i2.3519

(2016) Den underbara handen [’The Wonderful Hand’, Review of Panelius, Martin, Santti, Risto & Tuusvuori, Jarkko S., Käsikirja (’Hand Book’)], Finsk Tidskrift 1/2016, pp. 60-63.

(2016) Yhteisiä kokemuksia. In E Pluribus Unum, ed. Marko Ahteensuu. Reports from the Department of Philosophy, University of Turku, Vol. 35, pp. 99-113. ISBN 978-951-29-6395-9.

(2015) Beyond the Inner-Outer Model: [review of Chantal Bax,] Subjectivity after Wittgenstein. Nordic Wittgenstein Review 4 (No. 1) 2015, 237-240.   

(2014) Olli Lagerspetz & Kirsti Suolinna: Edward Westermarck at the Academy of Åbo. In David Shankland (ed.), Westermarck. Royal Anthropological Institute occasional publications 44, in association with the Anglo-Finnish Society. Sean Kingston Publishers, London, pp. 28-66. ISBN 978-1-907774-31-7.

(2013) (Review of) Eugen Fischer, ‘Philosophical Delusion and Its Therapy’. Philosophical Investigations 36: 1, 79-82. ISSN 0190-0536.

(2013) ‘Dirty’ and ‘Clean’, and the Dialectic Between Facts and Practices. In Y. Gustafsson, H. Nykänen, C. Kronqvist (eds), Wittgensteinian Approaches to Ethics and the Philosophy of Culture. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Cambridge, pp. 26-43.

(2013) O Lagerspetz & Lars Hertzberg, Trust in Wittgenstein. In Mäkelä, Pekka & Townley, Cynthia (eds.), Trust: Analytic and Applied Perspectives (Value Inquiry Book Series, Volume 263), Rodopi Press, Amsterdam. ISBN 978-90-420-3680-2. 

(2012) Rape among Scorpionflies, Spouse Abuse among the Praying Mantis, and Other ‘Reproductive Strategies’ in the Animal and Human World. N. Forsberg, M. Burley & N. Hämäläinen (eds.), Language, Ethics and Animal Life: Wittgenstein and Beyond. Continuum, London, pp. 65-81. ISBN 978-1-4411-4055-5

(2012) Tillit og samfunn [Trust and Society]. Harald Grimen & Helge Skirbekk (eds.), Tillit i Norge. Res Publica, Oslo, 271-295. ISBN 928-82-8226-036-7. 

(2011) Olli Lagerspetz & Kirsti Suolinna: Helighetens sociala förankring: Durkheim och Westermarck i polemik [The Social Background of the Holy: The Polemic Exchange between Durkheim and Westermarck]. Niin & Näin 2/2011, 87-93.

(2011) Olli Lagerspetz & Kirsti Suolinna: Sultanen som förlorade sin helighet. Westermarck och Durkheim om helighet och samhälle [The Sultan Whose Holiness was Lost. Westermarck and Durkheim on Society and the Holy]. Laboratorium för folk och kultur 1/2011, 11-15.

(2011) Peter Winch on Political Legitimacy. In Lars Hertzberg & Tage Kurtén (eds.), Legitimacy: The Treasure of Politics. Peter Lang, Frankfurt a.M., 33-58.

(2010) Reply to Professor DeAngelis [Review Discussion]. Philosophical Investigations 33, 96-99.  

(2009) Olli Lagerspetz & Christoffer Gefwert: Introduction. In C Gefwert & O Lagerspetz (eds.): Wittgenstein and Philosophical Psychology. Uppsala Studies of Philosophy Vol. 55, pp. I – xii. ISBN 978-91-506-2046-7. ISSN 1402-1110.

(2009) Wittgenstein on Colour Geometry and Colour Perception. In C Gefwert & O Lagerspetz (eds.): Wittgenstein and Philosophical Psychology. Uppsala Studies of Philosophy Vol. 55, pp. 223-235. ISBN 978-91-506-2046-7. ISSN 1402-1110.

(2009) (Review of) William James DeAngelis, ‘Ludwig Wittgenstein - A Cultural Point of View:  Philosophy in the Darkness of this Time’. Philosophical Investigations 32, 86-91.

(2008) Att undersöka perceptionen [Investigating Perception]. In N. Forsberg, S. Rider & P. Segerdahl (eds.), Tankar tillägnade Sören Stenlund. Uppsala Philosophical studies 54, Uppsala, pp. 137-154. ISBN 978-91-506-1984-3.

(2007) (Review of) James P. Sterba, ‘The Triumph of Practice over Theory in Ethics’. Philosophical Investigations 30, 188 – 191.

(2006) (Review of) Richard Norman, ‘On Humanism’. Philosophical Investigations 29, 387-390.

(2006) K. Suolinna & O. Lagerspetz: Westermarck samfundet och etableringen av den moderna sociologin i Finland [The Westermarck Society and the Consolidation of Modern Sociology in Finland]. In S. Sundback & K. Suolinna (red.), I Westermarcks skugga. Sociologins första decennier i miljön kring Åbo Akademi. Meddelanden från Ekonomisk-Statsvetenskapliga fakulteten vid Åbo Akademi, Ser. A:551.

(2005) (Review of) Oswald Hanfling, Wittgenstein and the Human Form of Life. Philosophical Investigations 28, 197-200.  

(2003) (Review of:) Jennifer Jackson, ’Truth, Trust and Medicine’. Bioethics 17: 4, 369-371.


C Scientific books (monographs)

(2021) 肮脏哲学 - 豆瓣读书 [Āng zāng zhéxué - dòubàn dúshū: The Philosophy of Dirt - Douban Readings] 华中科技大学出版社 [Huazhong University of Science and Technology Press] 作者: [芬]奥利·拉格斯佩兹 出版社: 华中科技大学出版社 原作名: a philosophy of dirt 译者: 沈敏 [Translator: Shěn mǐn yī] 256 pages. https://book.douban.com/subject/35444226//

(2020) Mustuse filosoofia [Revised Estonian translation of A Philosophy of Dirt], trans. Kati Karja & Jaan Pärnamäe, Tallinna Ülikooli Kirjastus (Tallinn University Press), Tallinn. 444 pages, ISSN 1736-9398, ISBN 978-9985-58-884-0.

(2018) A Philosophy of Dirt. Reaktion Books, London. 256 pages, ISBN 978-1-78023-918-7.

(2015) Trust, Ethics and Human Reason. Bloomsbury, London. ISBN 978-1-4411-8487-0. xi+158+47 pages. 

(2015) Der Begriff Schmutz. Zum Verstehen unseres Zuhauses, unserer Welt. [Revised German translation of Smuts.]. LIT Verlag, Berlin. 227 pages.  ISBN 978-3-7000.

(2014) O. Lagerspetz & K. Suolinna: Edward Westermarck: Intellectual Networks, Philosophy and Social Anthropology. The Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters, Commentationes scientiarum socialium 77, Helsinki. ISBN 978-951-653-401-8, ISSN 0355-256X.   

(2008) Lika. Kirja maailmasta, kodistamme. Ruotsin kielestä suomentanut Markus Lång [Finnish translation of Smuts]. Multikustannus, Helsinki. ISBN 978-952-468-172-8. 340 pages.

(2006) Smuts. En bok om världen, vårt hem [Dirt. A Book on the World, our Home]. Brutus Östlings bokförlag Symposion, Stockholm/Stehag. ISBN 91-7139-765-5. 295 pages. 

(1998) Trust: The Tacit Demand. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht. ISBN 0-7923-4874-5. xi + 164 + 13 pages.
ISBN 0-7923-4874-5. xi + 164 + 13 pages.


(2017) O. Lagerspetz with J. Antfolk, Y. Gustafsson & C. Kronqvist (eds.): Evolution, Human Behaviour and Morality: The Legacy of Westermarck. Routledge, London. 237 pages, ISBN 978-1-4724-5174-3.

(2011) O. Lagerspetz (ed.): Laboratorium för folk och kultur 1/2011, Tema: Westermarck [Special Issue. Westermarck]. 28 pages. ISBN 978-951-9224-73-2. ISSN 0787-5576.  

(2011) O. Lagerspetz (ed.): Special section on Edward Westermarck and evolution in the Finnish philosophical journal Niin & Näin 2/2011, 82-113.

(2009) C Gefwert & O Lagerspetz (eds.): Wittgenstein and Philosophical Psychology. Uppsala Studies of Philosophy Vol. 55.


D Publications intended for professional communities (from 2003 onwards)

(2013) Westermarck, Edward (1862–1939). In R. Jon  McGee, Richard L. Warms (eds.), Theory in Social and Cultural Anthropology. An Encyclopedia. SAGE Publications, London. ISBN: 9781412999632

(2012) Trust. In Ruth Chadwick (ed.), Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics, Second Edition, Volume 4. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 426-434. ISBN-9780123736321.


E Publications intended for the general public, linked to the applicant’s research (from 2003 onwards), including:

(2022, forthcoming) Waste: The Ethics and the Forms of Life, Differens Magazine, (link: https://differensmagazine.com/differentspaces-spacesofdifference/ )

(2019) Slösa, ödsla, bruka och bevara [To Waste, to Dress and to Keep] Ikaros 3/2019,pp. 10-11

(2018) What is Dirt? The Philosopher’s Magazine 83 (2018, 4th Quarter), pp. 18–22, https://doi.org/10.5840/tpm20188397

(2018) Olli Lagerspetz & Jonas Ahlskog, Förståelse från insidan - sextio år av Samhällsvetenskapens idé [Understanding from the Inside: Sixty Years of The Idea of a Social Science]. Ikaros 4/2018. Pp. 45-47.

(2015) Totale Transparenz der Einkommen? [Total Transparency of Income?] Philosophie Magazin 02/2015, p. 24. ISBN 4192451806907 02.

(2012) Färgkartan och det bruna i Rembrandts öga [The Colour Chart and the Brown of Rembrandt’s Eye]. Presens 2012:3, 10-13. ISSN 1798-9566.

(2006) ’Vår’ kultur och ’deras ’ – ingen sömlös väv [’Our’ culture and ’theirs’ – not a seamless web. Review of Aleksander Motturi: ’Filosofi vid mörkrets hjärta’ and Michael Azar: ’Frihet, jämlikhet, brodermord’]. Hufvudstadsbladet/Söndag 26.3.2006, p 12-13.


F Audiovisual material, ICT software

(2022) Human Sciences, Realism and Idealism. Podcast with Jonas Ahlskog, Giuseppina D’Oro and Leonidas Tsilipakos, hosted by Patrick Keenan. Philosophy Voiced (Pardubice Centre of Ethics), recorded 23 September 2022.

(2022) Blogpost Antropomorfism – på gott och ont” (Anthropomorphism – for Good and for Ill” published at Åbo Akademi University website (link: https://www.abo.fi/nyheter/fraga-forskaren-varfor-ger-vi-vara-maskiner-manskliga-namn/

(2020) Skam [Shame]. Podcast interview with Jan Erik Lönnqvist by Hanna Nordenswan, Poddserien Vetskap, SLS i samarbete med Hufvudstadsbladet, recorded 10 June 2020. Podden Vetskap #11: Skamlöst! | Svenska litteratursällskapet i Finland (sls.fi)

(2018) On Dirt with Olli Lagerspetz. Podcast interview by Patrick O’Connor, Thales’ Well, 23 November 2018, https://thaleswell.podbean.com/?s=Lagerspetz

(2007) Westermarck, Edvard (Edward) Alexander. Included in LOGOS – Virtual Encyclopedia of Finnish Philosophy https://filosofia.fi/se/arkiv/text/2871